WebRTC may be everywhere these days, but it’s (still) hard to build with it. Many try to rely on code snippets from Stack Overflow without understanding the underlying theory and flows of WebRTC. This can be a risky endeavor. 

This “Hit and Miss” approach, often taken by developers, can lead to suboptimal results. It is essential for developers to grasp the basics of WebRTC before integrating the library directly into their projects.

In this post, we will explore three reasons why a hit and miss approach doesn’t work for WebRTC applications – especially for my speciality, Android and mobile WebRTC applications.

Insufficient Understanding of WebRTC Flows and Responsibilities

A hit and miss approach, where developers integrate WebRTC without a thorough understanding of the technology, can lead to significant challenges in building WebRTC applications. One of the primary reasons this approach doesn’t work is the lack of comprehension regarding WebRTC flows and responsibilities. Merely relying on code snippets found online, without understanding the underlying principles, can result in inefficient implementations and difficulties establishing audio or video calls effectively.

To build successful WebRTC applications, developers need to comprehend the flow and responsibilities of each peer and the signaling server. Understanding concepts such as signaling, session descriptions (SDP), and ICE candidates is crucial for establishing connections between peers. Without this knowledge, developers may struggle to handle signaling exchanges properly, leading to issues such as failed connections, media transmission problems, or instability in the communication channel.

Inadequate Handling of WebRTC Components

WebRTC applications require a deep understanding of various components, for instance, when building a native WebRTC application for Android implementation, it is important to know how to properly manage MediaStream, PeerConnection, PeerConnectionFactory, and DataChannel objects. 

When relying on a hit and miss approach, it is fairly easy to overlook the importance of comprehending these components. Ignoring their intricacies can lead to inefficient resource utilization, poor media quality, or even compatibility issues with different devices, particularly Android.

Ineffective Management of Signaling Process

When following a hit and miss approach, it is common to neglect the significance of the signaling process in WebRTC applications. The signaling process involves the exchange of session descriptions (SDP) and ICE candidates between peers, enabling them to establish a connection. However, without a thorough understanding of the signaling process and its intricacies, developers may face difficulties in managing this crucial aspect.

Properly implementing the signaling process requires developers to set up a signaling server or utilize existing solutions, a process that without the proper knowledge can lead to issues such as failed connections, incorrect negotiation, or lack of compatibility between peers. A thorough understanding of the signaling process and its associated technologies allows developers to implement effective signaling solutions, ensuring seamless communication between peers in WebRTC applications.


In summary, a hit and miss approach fails for WebRTC applications due to insufficient understanding of WebRTC flows and responsibilities, inadequate handling of WebRTC components, and ineffective management of the signaling process. Developers must invest time in comprehending the underlying principles, components, and processes involved in WebRTC to build robust and successful applications that provide a seamless real-time communication experience to users.

Rather than relying on trial and error, taking the time to understand WebRTC’s fundamental concepts will save developers from potential headaches and troubleshooting down the line.

To enhance your understanding, consider exploring resources such as our blog post series on Networking Basics for WebRTC: Signaling and Media Exchange, and our WebRTC Tips playlist on YouTube

Or, call in the WebRTC experts at WebRTC.ventures! We can provide work independently or side by side with your existing team to augment your efforts. Let us know how we can help!

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